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Shoulder Conditions

  • The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint but is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage. Damage of the cartilage in the shoulder joint causes shoulder arthritis. Inflammation is the body's natural response to injury.

  • Shoulder injuries in baseball players are usually associated with pitching. While this overhand throwing activity can produce great speed and distance for the ball, when performed repeatedly, can place a lot of stress on the shoulder. While pitching, the arm is thrown outward and backward to generate speed. This action forces the head of the humerus forward, stressing the surrounding ligaments and tendons. These stresses can lead to injuries, causing pain and inflammation.

  • Typically, if you have a rotator cuff tear, you will feel pain in the front part of your shoulder that extends down your arm. Overhead actions such as lifting, reaching, or throwing can make the pain worse. You may also feel pain while sleeping on the affected shoulder. Feeling arm and shoulder weakness when you reach behind your back or perform routine tasks is also a common symptom.

  • Injuries to your shoulder that tear ligaments can cause the labrum to be pulled off of the rim of the bone around the socket. This causes the ball of your shoulder to slide out of the socket, leading to misalignment or dislocation of the shoulder. The most common symptom of a labrum tear is a sharp popping sensation felt in your shoulder when you move your shoulder.

  • Shoulder impingement is a common pain condition in active individuals, particularly as you get older and your bones become more susceptible to injury. This condition is similar to other shoulder injuries and is often associated with rotator cuff or shoulder bursitis.

  • Your shoulder joint is called a ball-and-socket joint because of the design of the shoulder. The ball-shaped top of your upper arm, or humerus, fits snugly into the socket of your shoulder blade. When the humerus “ball” becomes dislodged from the shoulder blade “socket,” a dislocated shoulder is the result.

  • Your shoulder is made up of several moving parts encased in a connective tissue. When this connective tissue thickens, it tightens around the shoulder joint and restricts movement. Although there isn’t an exact known cause for frozen shoulder, it’s associated with periods of immobility in the shoulder region.

  • A break in a bone that makes up the shoulder joint is called a shoulder fracture. The clavicle and end of the humerus closest to the shoulder are the bones that usually get fractured. The scapula, on the other hand, is not easily fractured because of its protective cover by the surrounding muscles and chest tissue. A shoulder fracture is usually diagnosed based on a thorough physical examination, and imaging studies such as X-rays and CT scans.

  • Pain in the shoulder may suggest an injury, which is more common in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

If you wish to be advised on the most appropriate treatment, please call to schedule an appointment or click to request an appointment online.

  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • Arthroscopy Association of North America
  • American Shoulder And Elbow Surgeons